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Naturalization

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About Naturalization

Citizenshipworks makes it easy to apply for citizenship. First, learn about how the naturalization process works. Next, take our basic Eligibility Screening to see if you might qualify. After you create your Citizenshipworks account, we will guide you through the application from start to finish.

How to Become a U.S. Citizen

Becoming a U.S. citizen using Citizenshipworks is easy and safe.

We are the only online naturalization service that guides you through the application process from start to finish. And we connect you with online or in-person help, if you need it.

Before you start, see the steps below.

1. See if You Qualify

Take a bit of time to find out if you are eligible to become a U.S. citizen, and if so, what you need to apply.

Next Steps

  • Take the Eligibility Screening to find out if you meet the basic requirements to become a citizen.
  • Sign up for a free Citizenshipworks account that will help you fill out your application, step by step.

How to Prepare

You will have to answer questions about:

  • Your immigration history,
  • All travel outside of the U.S. in the last 5 years, and
  • Your family and past spouses.
  • We’ll give you a checklist to make sure you have all the documents and information that USCIS needs.
  • Be very careful! If you do not provide the exact and correct details for every answer, USCIS may deny your application.

Resources

2. Fill Out the Application (N-400)

To apply for citizenship, you must fill out Form N-400. You can fill it out using your Citizenshipworks account.

Next Steps…

  • The fastest way to fill out your N-400 form is to find all your immigration, travel, and government documents first.
  • We will give you a checklist so you will know what documents you may need.
  • We will tell you – as you fill out your application – if you face any potential risks. And we may suggest you get online or in-person legal advice.

How to Prepare

Be very careful! If you do not provide the exact and correct details for every answer, USCIS may deny your application. In some situations, you could even be deported.

3. Send Your Completed Application

Mail your completed N-400, photos, fee (or fee waiver application), and any other required documents to USCIS.

Next Steps…

  • Mail your N-400
  • Print and sign your completed Form N-400.
  • Include a check, money order, or your application for a fee waiver.
  • Use the Checklist at your Citizenshipworks account to make sure you have all the required documents. If any of those documents is not in English, you must also send an English translation.
  • Mail your application and documents
  • Important! Make copies of all pages of your N-400 form and the required documents. Keep these for your records.

How to Prepare

  • After you apply, USCIS will send you a Receipt Notice to say they received your application. If they need more information or documents, they will send another letter.
  • Later, they will mail you information about a biometrics appointment and your citizenship interview (also called the test). Do NOT miss this appointment!

Resources

4. Get Ready for the Interview

You will meet with a USCIS officer who will ask you questions. This is called the interview or test.

Next Steps…

  • The officer will ask you about your personal history and your application. Your answers will show if you know basic English and U.S. civics.
  • The officer may also ask you about alcohol, prostitution, or gambling. Be polite. Stay calm. Answer truthfully.

How to Prepare

You should:

  • Review your application before the interview,
  • Look for online resources to study and practice,
  • Download our free Citizenshipworks app, and
  • Connect with our partner organizations if you need more help to prepare for the test.

What's on the Test ?

  • U.S. Civics: There will be 10 questions, and you must get 6 correct answers to pass.
  • English: Unless you qualify to take the test in a different language, the officer will ask you to read and write an English sentence. Your answers and conversation with the officer will show if you can speak basic English.

Resources

5. Go to your Interview

The USCIS officer who interviews you will probably be the person who decides if you can become a U.S. citizen. Be polite and respectful. Answer all questions truthfully.

Next Steps…

  • Get to your interview a few minutes early. The address is on the appointment notice.
  • Plan to be there all day. You may have to wait a long time for your interview.

How to Prepare

  • Take the originals of all documents you sent with your application.
  • Take any other documents USCIS asked you to bring.

In most cases, the officer makes a decision after you leave. S/he may need more information or more time to review your file. You may get a notice from USCIS asking you for more information or telling you if you passed the test. If you do not pass the Civics or English part of the test, USCIS will send you a Notice and give you another interview within 60-90 days of the first one. If you do not pass the second time, USCIS will deny your application.

Resources

6. Go to your Interview

If USCIS approves your application, they will ask you to go to an Oath Ceremony. The ceremony is when you – along with many other applicants – will become a U.S. citizen. Many applicants take their families and celebrate their first day as a U.S. citizen.

Next Steps…

  • USCIS will mail you a Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony (N-455) with the date and time of your ceremony.
  • Important! You are not a U.S. citizen until you finish the ceremony.

How to Prepare

What Happens at the Ceremony

  • Check in with USCIS when you arrive.
  • Give them your green card and your completed Notice of Naturalization Oath Ceremony (N-455).
  • There will be speakers who will talk about U.S. citizenship.
  • You will hear the national anthem and take the Oath of Allegiance.

At the end of the ceremony, you will receive your Naturalization Certificate.

After the ceremony, you should:
  • Notify Social Security that you are a U.S. citizen now
  • If you changed your name as part of your naturalization, you will need to update your driver’s license, Social Security card, and other important IDs.

You can now:

  • Register to vote, and
  • Apply for a U.S. passport

Resources

Download the App

Use the Citizenshipworks app to find legal help near you, and practice for the citizenship tests. Available for Android and iOS phones.

Project Partners

Immigration Advocate Network
Probono
Immigation Legal Resource Center

In Partnership With

Knight Foundation
New Americans Campaign