Have questions
about citizenship?

We have answers.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Find out if you qualify to apply.
2. File your application, documents, and pay the fee.
3. Go to your biometrics (fingerprinting) appointment.
4. Go to your interview (test).
5. Go to your ceremony.
The basic requirements say you must:
  • Be at least 18.
  • Be a permanent resident (have a green card) for at least:
    • 5 years, or
    • 3 years if you are married to a U.S. citizen.
  • Read, write and speak basic English; and
  • Understand basic U.S. civics.
There are other basic requirements, too. Find out if you meet the basic requirements by answering our Citizenshipworks Prescreening questions.
For most people, the fee is $725. This includes:
  • $640 application fee, and
  • $85 for fingerprinting.
Exception: If you are 75 or older, you only pay $640.
You can pay by:
  • check,
  • money order, or
  • credit card.
You may ask USCIS for a full or reduced fee waiver. If USCIS approves your:
Use this Fee Calculator from the New American Campaign to see if you qualify for a fee waiver.
Citizenshipworks is free! We can also connect you to free or low-cost help for your application or fee waiver.
It depends on where you live. After USCIS receives your application, it can take 6 months - 2 years (or more).
To see processing times in your area, check USCIS Processing Times. Under “Form,” select N-400. Under “Field Office,” select the office closest to you.
Yes. You must read, write, and speak English.
Exceptions:You can take the test in your native language if you are:
  • 50 or older and have had a green card for at least 20 years, or
  • 55 or older and have had a green card for at least 15 years.
People with some medical conditions may not have to take the test. A doctor must fill out a special form (Form N-648).
You will have an interview with a USCIS officer. The interview is your test. It has 2 parts: English and U.S. Civics.
English:You must show you can speak, read, and write basic English. Answer the officer’s questions in English. The officer will also ask you to read out loud and write some sentences about Civics.
Civics: USCIS has a list of 100 Civics questions. The officer will you ask up to 10 questions from this list. To pass, you must answer at least 6 questions correctly.
Download the Citizenshipworks app. It has English and Civics study tools, like interactive flashcards for Android and iOS devices.
Need more help?
Find English or Civics classes near you at the National Literacy Directory.
Find more resources and tips at the USCIS Citizenship Resource Center.
If you don’t pass the first time, you can take the test again. USCIS will give you another interview.
If you do not pass the second time, USCIS will deny your application. You will have to start over and fill out a new application.
Everyone needs to provide copies of both sides of their permanent resident card (green card).
You will provide other documents, too, depending on your situation. Find the full list of documents you might need at the USCIS Document Checklist.
Yes. USCIS will mail you a notice after you file your application. The notice says they received your application, and gives you a Receipt Number. Use the Receipt Number to check your USCIS Case Status Online.

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